Research Report

Sikh Participation in U.S. Civic Life (2006)

Introduction

Since they first arrived in the United States over a hundred years ago, Sikhs have been active participants in American life, holding positions in which they make decisions about the greater American good and supporting rights and causes they believe in, such as the Religious Freedom Restoration Act. They have become involved in nearly every aspect of American life, and many have taken a place in the public eye, such as the California Sikh who served as...

Read more about Sikh Participation in U.S. Civic Life (2006)

The Debate Over Evolution in Kansas Public Schools (2005)

In recent years, the debate over the role of religion in United States public schools has become especially prominent. Issues such as holding baccalaureate services in public high schools, including the phrase "under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance, and student prayer have been the source of much disagreement in the public arena as of late. Debates over the teaching of evolution are no exception. Currently, a controversy over evolution exists in Kansas, the focus of which has been the Kansas State Board of Education. In May 2005 the Board of Education held hearings to discuss a "Minority...

Read more about The Debate Over Evolution in Kansas Public Schools (2005)

Air Force Academy Addresses "Challenges to Pluralism" (2005)

Since July 2004, the United States Air Force Academy has been under various forms of investigation – ranging from internal surveys to the involvement of Pentagon officials – for charges of religious discrimination. From these investigations, it is alleged that a "stridently evangelical" agenda may extend back to 1993 and is best described by one analysis as a "systemic and pervasive religious bias and intolerance at the highest levels of the Academy command structure" which challenge both the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment.

The...

Read more about Air Force Academy Addresses "Challenges to Pluralism" (2005)

Information on Global Religious Distribution (2005)

United States Department of State

 

Country Background Notes

Quick statistics on the religious distribution, population, and ethnic breakdown in every country in the world is available on the website for the U.S. State Department. These breakdowns are available on a regional basis as well as an alphabetical country by country basis under the Background Notes section of the website, available at: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/ An example of the Background Notes for Indonesia is contained in Appendix 1. (http://www.... Read more about Information on Global Religious Distribution (2005)

Sikh Americans' Political Roles after September 11, 2001 (2004)

Abstract

The objective of this research was to understand the political roles of Sikh Americans and the various challenges to Sikh identity from post-9/11 hate crimes. Some of the difficulties faced by Sikhs are addressed along with some of the reactions to post-9/11 hate crimes. This study investigated the actions taken by Sikh leaders, from the United States and the Punjab, towards hate crimes as well as their efforts to create more awareness about Sikhism and the Sikh identity. The mutual system of Sikh Americans and Sikh leaders in the Punjab is also...

Read more about Sikh Americans' Political Roles after September 11, 2001 (2004)

Starhawk: The Earth Path (2004)

Starhawk, the writer, activist and co-founder of the Reclaiming Tradition of Witchcraft, has just published her ninth book, The Earth Path: Grounding Your Spirit in the Rhythms of Nature. Her first book, The Spiral Dance: A Rebirth of the Ancient Religion of the Great Goddess, first published in 1979, has been a foundational book for the growth of eco-feminist Witchcraft in the United States, with over 350,000 copies sold. The Earth Path provides a thorough updating of the applied spiritual practice that Starhawk has continued to develop.

...

Read more about Starhawk: The Earth Path (2004)

Jainism in Greater Boston and Beyond: Challenges and Emergent Organizational Paradigms (2004)

This paper is a result of three months of research with the Jain community in the Greater Boston area. It is based primarily on my observations, informal interactions, more formal interviews, and bibliographic research. Being particularly interested in the challenges of the new generation of American-raised Jain youth, I made a concerted effort to address the issues of the high school and college-aged Jains. To these ends I conducted a nation-wide survey (mostly among Jains in their early twenties), to which I received 27 answers. I also visited the Sixth Convention of the Young Jains of...

Read more about Jainism in Greater Boston and Beyond: Challenges and Emergent Organizational Paradigms (2004)

Wiccan Invocation: A Canary in the Mineshaft of the United States’ Non-Establishment of Religion (2004)

New 2005 developments in this case are written up in a separate research report, Wiccan Invocation: Update 2005.

In the mining industry, at one time canaries were lowered into mineshafts to test the air quality. If the canary lived, the air was sufficient to support the lives of the workers who then entered the mines. In the United States, cases of Wiccans pursuing religious rights can be...

Read more about Wiccan Invocation: A Canary in the Mineshaft of the United States’ Non-Establishment of Religion (2004)

The Alternative Institutionalization and Practices of Sufi Orders in Boston (2003)

Abstract

This paper is a testimonial study of several Sufi orders in the Boston area. This research was conducted in tandem with Maryam Hassimi's investigation of such orders in New York City. Sufism in the Boston area cannot be described in a sweeping fashion, since it has manifested in a variety of forms in the area, a phenomenon repeated throughout the United States. Sufism in Boston ranges from the larger organizations such as Sufi Order International, a widespread universalistically-minded organization currently under the guidance of Pir Zia Khan, and the Bawa... Read more about The Alternative Institutionalization and Practices of Sufi Orders in Boston (2003)

Categorizing Muslims, between Theory and Practice:  A Perspective from Portland, Oregon (2004)

Over the past two decades, Islam in America has been receiving increased attention by academics and policy makers. The great influx of immigrant Muslims since the early 1960s, as well the conversion to Islam by a large number of American natives, have significantly changed the religious and social landscape of America. Many earlier studies have treated Islam in America as an imported tradition that remains largely unchanged when it is relocated in the United States. However, a number of more recent studies have attempted to understand Islam in this part of the world as a tradition that...

Read more about Categorizing Muslims, between Theory and Practice:  A Perspective from Portland, Oregon (2004)

Pages